Lån Til Bedrift: Things Banks Ask When Approving Business Loans

The conventional bank loans, business owners want more challenging to get. Financial institutions are going to ask for a lot of requirements before they give them to borrowers. Most people find this pretty daunting. Most individuals were really disappointed when they needed their first traditional bank debenture to finance their operation and ended up having to sign liens on their ancestral houses to get loans approved.

These companies are asking banks why they need personal guarantees if they are a corporation. Some banks are telling these organizations that if the company does not believe in their business, then they do not either. One of the first things optimistic businesses discovers as they look for funding is that conventional banks do not fund business plans.

In the bank’s defense, it would be against any banking law if they did. Conventional banks are dealing with their customer’s money. Depositors would not be happy knowing that their bank is investing its money in startup companies. And neither would the United States banking regulators. So, here is what people can expect banks will ask for when they apply for commercial debentures for their enterprises. There is a good chance that there will be occasional exceptions to the rule, but these are the basic rules:


Traditional banks or financial institutions do lend money to new businesses or startup companies. One exception to the rules is that the Small Business Administration or SBA has schemes that guarantee some part of costs for startups so financial institutions can lend them funds with the state, minimizing the traditional bank’s risk. Check this article about oppstartslån bedrift at Meldium (business startup loan at Meldium) to learn more.

Companies need to have hard assets they can pledge to back up their business debenture. Institutions look carefully at these hard assets to ensure they can minimize the risk. For instance, when individual pledges their accounts receivable to support a business startup loan, the financial institution will check the receivable account to ensure the company is solvent, and they will only accept part (usually fifty to seventy-five percent) of the receivables to back a debenture.

When entrepreneurs get inventory loans, banking institutions will only accept part of their inventory, and it will go through a lot of challenges first to ensure it is not obsolete and old inventory. The need for a physical asset as collateral also means that a lot of small business entrepreneurs need to pledge personal assets such as home equity to get their loan application approved.

Business plan

There are exceptions to the rule, but most of these commercial debenture applications need business plan documents. Today, it can be short – a lean plan – but banking institutions still want that standard summary of firms, financials, teams, markets, and products.

All of the company’s financial details

It includes past and current debts and loans incurred, all accounts from banking institutions, credit card accounts, investment accounts, and supporting info, including tax identification numbers, physical addresses, and active contact numbers.

Complete information of accounts receivable

It includes account-by-account details for checking the credit, payment, and sales history, as well as aging. And if the company does not know what its accounts receivable are, then it can count their blessings. If they had any, they would know. They can also read guides to find out.

Complete info on accounts payable

It includes the same info as accounts receivables. In addition, banking institutions will want credit references, firms that sell to the business on the account. It will vouch for the borrower’s payment behavior. If the individual need to know more about these things, make sure to ask their financial advisors for more info.

Complete financial statements (reviewed or audited)

Balance sheets have to list all the company’s assets, capital, and liabilities. The latest balance sheets are very important. The enterprise’s profit and loss statements usually need to go back three years or more. Still, occasionally, exceptions can be made if the enterprise does not have enough history but have good assets and credits to pledge as collateral.

People will also need to supply their profit and loss history up to three years back. When it comes to auditing statements, having these things means the company has paid a couple of thousand dollars to have a Certified Public Accountant go over them and take formal responsibility for the accuracy of the statement.

Certified Public Accountants get sued over inaccurate or bad audits. Bigger the company are more likely will have audited financial statements ready as part of their normal course of enterprise for certain reasons related to reporting and ownership responsibilities.

Having financial statements reviewed by a Certified Public Accountant is a lot cheaper because these professionals have way less liability if the company gets it wrong. Banks will only sometimes need audited or reviewed statements since they always need physical assets as collateral, assets at risk. Banks care more about the value of the borrower’s assets.

All of the borrower’s personal financial information

It includes net worth, security numbers, information on liabilities and assets like the owner’s house, vehicles, credit card accounts, car debentures, mortgages, and investment accounts. For organizations with more than one owner, or partnership, banks will want statements from all owners who have voting shares.

Company’s insurance info

Since it is all about minimizing risks, conventional banks will usually ask new businesses or startups that depend on their founders to take out insurance on the untimely death of their founders. And the fine print can direct payouts on deaths to get to the financial institutions first to help pay off their debenture.

Certified copies of past returns

This thing can help prevent multiple book sets – which would be considered a fraudulent act – but financial institutions want to see the company’s tax returns.

Future ratio agreement

A lot of commercial debentures include what experts call debenture covenants, in which the organization agrees to keep some important ratios – current ratio, quick ratio, DTE, or Debt-to-Equity – within specific defined limits. If the firm’s financials fall below, these particular levels in the near future, then they are in default of the debenture.